ECLAC2019-02-21T21:03:50+00:00

The Economic Commission for Latin
America and the Caribbean (ECLAC)

The Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean is one of five regional commissions of the United Nations and was established in 1948, with its headquarters in Santiago de Chile. The sessions of the Commission are held twice a year, where Member States review the progress of their activities and formulate guiding policies. Aside from the countries situated in Latin America and the Caribbean, several Asian, European and North American nations with historical, economic or cultural ties to the region are also Members of ECLAC.

At KULMUN 2019, participants will seek ways to contribute to the economic and social development of Latin America and the Caribbean by coordinating relevant actions and reinforcing economic ties within the region.

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Topics

Topic A: Venezuela’s Economy and its consequences on South America

Beginning as far back as the presidency of Hugo Chavez, the issue of Venezuela’s economy and the domination of oil at the expense of the country’s other commodities, has led to the creation of a very unbalanced economic system left at the mercy of global oil prices. This was highlighted in 2014 which saw prices for the fossil fuel collapse, to the detriment of the country’s revenue. As a result, the country’s ability to earn US dollars suffered, leading to the inability of importers to bring in materials, which resulted in shortages of even the most basic necessities like toilet paper. This further resulted in social and political unrest as the government’s attempts to rein in the situation continue to frustrate the people of Venezuela.

Delegates will be challenged to find ways to stabilize the situation in Venezuela and bring balance to the country once again. It is a complicated problem with many approaches and things to consider, but they will have to do so as the situation can no longer be ignored by Venezuela’s neighbors as the crises continue to worsen year by year.

Topic B: Resurrecting South American Integration

A dream that began as far back as the 19th Century, as the continent sought independence from Imperial Spain, the idea of an integrated South America has been kept alive through to the present day. After extended negotiations, it was possible to establish several regional agencies.

As of this moment, the regional cooperation takes the form of 3 interconnected organizations: The Andean Community, Mercosur/Mercosul, and UNASUR (Union of South American Nations). While the organizations were able to bring extended dialogue, better integration and stability to the region, recently the concept of a unified continent has suffered major setbacks. This came with Mercosur/Mercosul suspending the membership of Venezuela in 2016 for its handling of its ongoing problems, and 6 other countries suspending their membership at UNASUR. To make matters worse, Colombia later announced its plan to leave the organization entirely.

The committee, therefore, should consider how it can salvage pre-existing continental ties between the countries through the above organisations, and how it can improve them, either through the above entities, or by proposing new ones altogether.

Country Matrix

  • Antigua and Barbuda
  • Argentina*
  • Bahamas
  • Bolivia*
  • Brazil *
  • Canada
  • Cuba*
  • Dominican Republic
  • Ecuador*
  • France*
  • Grenada
  • Guatemala
  • Haiti
  • Jamaica
  • Mexico*
  • Netherlands
  • Panama
  • Paraguay
  • Portugal*
  • Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
  • Spain*
  • United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland*
  • United States of America*
  • Venezuela*

* recommended for experienced delegates
Red countries have already been allocated.

Chairs

Daryl Tiglao
Daryl Tiglao
Daryl Tiglao’s interest in Model UN conferences was something that grew as he attended more over time. Coming from Edinburgh and studying law in the university bearing the same name, his participation in these events began in the small student town of St Andrews, representing Poland in the European Commission in 2014. Ever since then, he improved over time as he took his passion for Model UN with him abroad on Erasmus, where through a small Swedish conference, he found out about KULMUN through word of mouth, and ever since then, he couldn’t get enough of not just that conference, but the beautiful town of Leuven, where it is held.

Even though Daryl has since graduated from the University of Edinburgh with both a law degree and a follow-on legal diploma and is now pursuing his options to become a fully qualified solicitor in the UK. He continues to be involved in Model UN. Now, he is looking forward to being a chair of the Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean. Even though this is his first time both chairing in this committee and in KULMUN itself, Daryl nonetheless welcomes the challenges that this brings.

Maryia Dzichkowska
Maryia Dzichkowska
Maryia is a fourth year Politics and Business student at Trinity College Dublin. Originally from Belarus, she had an opportunity to live in England, where she attended high school; Scotland, where she started her degree in Graphic Design, only to settle down in Ireland in the recent years.

While her studies are quite broad in nature, her particular interests lie in the politics of European integration, as well as political opinions and communication, propaganda and media influence on affairs both internationally and on a domestic level.

KULMUN 2019 will be the fourth KULMUN for Maryia to attend, as she had a pleasure to chair other committees in previous years (including the first ever economic council at KULMUN, IMF 2017). For sure, being part of the conference for her is more than just what lies on the surface, but indeed is also about being part of a larger KULMUN family that she enjoys coming back to every year.