IOM2019-02-21T21:04:56+00:00

The International Organization
for Migration (IOM)

Created in 1951 in order to support people that had been displaced due to the Second World War, the International Organisation for Migration (IOM) is today the main inter-governmental body in the field of migration. Currently composed of 169 Member States and of further 8 States with observer status, the IOM has the objective to provide humane, safe and orderly migration, benefitting both migrants and society as a whole.

Since crossing borders and moving from one place to another is an intrinsic characteristic of any human being, participants of KULMUN 2019 will also have to undertake this voyage and attempt to solve the global challenges posed by migration.

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Topics

Topic A: Human trafficking in the Sahel

The Sahel is an arid region between North Africa and the Sub-Saharan part of the continent that has long served as a bridge between north and south. Because of its climate and rough terrain, authorities struggle to enforce their rule, creating the ideal environment for a wide range of illegal activities. Poor agriculture policies have drastically increased desertification of arable land, pushing more and more people into already overpopulated cities. Add to this that many countries around the Sahara Desert are experiencing instability, like Nigeria, Chad and Sudan, to name a few. The most crucial state might be Libya, whose former leader al-Qadhafi blocked refugees from going to Europe and effectively discouraged the use of the north route through Libya. With his removal, the way to Europe was opened and many people were emboldened to risk the dangerous journey through the desert. They put their lives in the hands of traffickers and often fall victim to exploitation. Human trafficking has become an immensely profitable business and vulnerable migrants are often exploited through forced labour or prostitution.

Topic B: Migrant Workers

Migration is leading to several insecurities, as migrants arriving in a country are mostly looking for a way to get out of an unstable situation and that includes obtaining a working position. Nonetheless, there is nothing easy in the process of finding a job and the weak position that the migrants are in can be used by many as a means to getting a cheap workforce. When crossing the borders to flee wars, dramatic conditions, persecutions or any dreadful event, migrants are dreaming of a better life but what awaits them can actually be a terrible nightmare. In many countries, migrants are not recognized as official workers and are not paid or protected by employment laws, which leads to what is called “modern slavery”. The IOM, as a representative of migrants, is willing to protect every migrant and ensure a stable working position and protection. What will your countries do to ensure compliance with human rights and employment protection within our committee?

Country Matrix

  • India*
  • Italy*
  • Libya*
  • United States of America*
  • Angola
  • Australia
  • Austria
  • Bolivia
  • Brazil
  • Central African Republic
  • Chad
  • People’s Republic of China
  • Cuba
  • Democratic Republic Congo
  • Egypt
  • France
  • Germany
  • Iran
  • Israel
  • Mexico
  • Nigeria
  • Pakistan
  • Romania
  • South Africa
  • Spain
  • Sudan
  • Thailand
  • Turkey
  • United Kingdom
  • Zimbabwe

* recommended for experienced delegates
Red countries have already been allocated.

Chairs

Corentin Larmoire-Roussel
Corentin Larmoire-Roussel
Corentin is a French student from Tours, in the Center of France. He is trying to study French Law along with Common Law and Spanish legal system. When you do not find him struggling behind a pile of law books you can be sure to find him looking for UN-related papers for MUNTO, his local MUN association.

He started MUNs on 2014, and on 2015 he fell in love with KULMUN. From that time on he considers MUNers as his family and he really wants to make you feel like a part of that family. After a dozen of MUNs as a delegate he decided to start chairing in Berlin2018, as chairing is caring, and he is willing to make you feel at home in the committee.

Corentin is a weird nerd whose dream is a crossover between NATO and Harry Potter, his two main passions.

Stijn Mertens
Stijn Mertens
Stijn Mertens is a 20 year old student from Leuven pursuing a degree in Arabic and Middle Eastern studies at the Catholic University of Leuven. In his spare time he is engaged in the student society of his faculty while also keeping time free for his cat.

Stijn has many interests, including but not limited to history, geography, languages and different cultures. Needless to say he also likes to travel around. His interest in politics and international relations was sparked by the events of the Arab Spring which ultimately led him to focus on his current field of study. He started with MUNs at KULMUN 2017 and now gladly returns to chair at the 2019 edition to meet people from all over the world with similar interests.