NATO2019-02-21T21:07:04+00:00

The North Atlantic Treaty
Organization (NATO)

With currently 29 members, the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO) is committed to attaining security in the North Atlantic area. It is a political and military alliance created in 1949, with the ability to carry out crisis-management and disaster-relief operations under the principle of collective defence, depicted by article 5 of its Treaty. Through cooperative security, NATO has carried out numerous missions, and is at present operating in areas such as Afghanistan, Kosovo and the Mediterranean. Throughout the years, it has also increased the tempo and diversity of its activities.

At KULMUN 2019, participants will express their will unanimously and focus on the security problems experienced by the North Atlantic region.

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Topics

Topic A: Improving the speed of NATO decision making in times of crisis

In case of crisis the use of the NATO Response Force (NRF) – a force which is created to react in a matter of days to volatile situations – depends on a consensual political decision made by all 29 members of the North Atlantic Council. Reaching such a decision, however, has proven to be a difficult and often a rather lengthy process, which seriously affects NATO’s ability to respond to crises effectively. This creates a danger of minor issues evolving to large scale conflicts due to the lack of a swift response. It is even worse when NATO does not come to an agreement and because of it does not respond to the emergency at all. This incapability to decide how to deal with a crisis is not limited to the use of the NATO Response Force. In fact, Member States often fail to reach political agreement outside of the NRF framework as well. The Ukrainian crisis was a stark example of that. In the aftermath of the Crimean annexation, Germany and the USA often clashed in their views on a suitable response to the Russian aggression. How can NATO improve the speed and efficiency of its decision making-process in times of crisis without compromising the principle of consensual decision-making?

Topic B: The militarization of the Arctic

Climate changes are shaping the future of global relations and cooperation by opening new questions and bringing up old unresolved disputes. The melting of the ice cap in the Arctic has had grave consequences for the safety of the Northern region, both ecologically and economically. The Russian federation has recognized the opportunity to secure the natural reserves, previously hidden by the ice, which are becoming more and more available. Due to the unresolved territorial disputes in the Arctic region the claim over said resources is a hot topic between the Arctic countries. The Russian federation has increased its military presence in the region in order to facilitate its foreign policy goal to becoming a reality. By conducting extensive military drills, establishing new military bases, increasing the number of personnel and ice-breakers it is posing a serious threat to the peace and security of European countries. What can NATO do to prevent the situation from escalating while preserving the national interests of its Member States?

Country Matrix

  • Canada*
  • Denmark*
  • French Republic*
  • Iceland*
  • Italy*
  • Norway*
  • United Kingdom*
  • United States of America*
  • Belgium
  • Bulgaria
  • Croatia
  • Czech Republic
  • Estonia
  • Germany
  • Greece
  • Hungary
  • Latvia
  • Lithuania
  • The Netherlands
  • Poland
  • Portugal
  • Romania
  • Slovakia
  • Slovenia
  • Spain
  • Turkey

* recommended for experienced delegates
Red countries have already been allocated.

Chairs

Amanda Teršar
Amanda Teršar
Amanda is a 22-year-old student from Slovenia. Pursuing her bachelor degree in International Relations at the University of Ljubljana she is very interested in international politics, security and diplomacy. She is also a leader of the central region of the Union of the students clubs of Slovenia, a member of its Security Council and an active member of her local student club.

She has first encountered MUN in her first year of studies, when she joined the MUN Slovenia Club, which eventually became her family. She has attended several MUN and MEU conferences in the past three years and started to perceive them as an important part of her life. Meeting new people, enhancing rhetoric and diplomatic skills, and having the best of fun make up for a perfect combination.

In her free time Amanda enjoys attending and organising concerts and music festivals, the more alternative and crazy the better. So if small talk gets you nowhere resort to talking about music and you’ve earned yourself a friend.

Yannick Van Bogaert
Yannick Van Bogaert
Yannick is a Flemish Belgian and an Officer in Training in the Belgian Army. He graduated his master’s degree in Social and Military Sciences at the Royal Military Academy in Brussels in August 2018. He has a keen interest in international politics and diplomacy, specifically in the eastern European Region and topics related to military strategy, security and conflict management.

Yannick joined the MUN community in 2016 and previously attended KULMUN as well as a number of other international conferences as a delegate. Now he is looking forward to coming back to chair one of his favourite committees at the best MUN conference in the country.